New Publication in Women’s History Review
Project PI Emily Bridger’s latest article, ‘Apartheid’s “Rape Crisis”: Understanding and Addressing Sexual Violence in South Africa, 1970s-1990s,’ is now available open access with Women’s History Review: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09612025.2023.2219535
New Publication in African Studies
The project PI, Emily Bridger, and Archival Research Associate, Erin Hazan, have recently published a new article in a special issue of African Studies, edited by Srila Roy and Caio Simoes de Araujo, on ‘Intimate Archives’. Their article ‘Surfeit and Silence: Sexual Violence in the Apartheid Archive’ is available open access here: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00020184.2023.2212606
New Publication in ISS Today
In collaboration with Matodzi Amisi and Kudakwashe Vanyoro from the ISS, project PI Emily Bridger discusses the problematic ways in which violence against women is often framed in South Africa today: https://issafrica.org/iss-today/calling-it-a-crisis-wont-prevent-violence-against-women
Call for Papers:
‘Do No Harm’: Researching the Pasts, Presents, and Futures of Sexual Violence
Birkbeck, University of London
8-10 February 2023
The University of Exeter’s South Africa’s Hidden War project and the SHaME project at Birkbeck, University of London are thrilled to share a Call for Papers for the upcoming ‘Do No Harm’: Researching the Pasts, Presents, and Futures of Sexual Violence conference, taking place 8-10 February 2023 at Birkbeck, University of London.
In the last twenty years, we have witnessed protests and acts of resistance against sexual violence in its many forms around the world. #MeToo is only the latest articulation of anger against a contested and highly politicised form of violence that continues to be an omnipresent threat to women and children. While substantial legal and social gains have been made in some parts of the world over the past five decades, the violence continues. Harmful rape myths and stereotypes, often racialized, endure and shape who society sees as victims and perpetrators. The legal, medical, and criminal justice systems repeatedly fail victims and survivors. Violence prevention programmes continually place the onus on women and children to monitor their own behaviour. Those whose identities are marginalised or ‘othered’ such as trans and non-binary people, immigrants, or people with disabilities are targeted for abuse and often failed by services set up to support them.
This conference explores sexual violence from a historical perspective. What can historical research reveal about sexual violence in both the past and present, and how can such research help us to think constructively about the future? How can researchers overcome the significant methodological challenges inherent in such scholarship? How can academics, activists, and practitioners work together in these endeavours? We invite papers from academics in any discipline, as well as from activists and practitioners working in the gender-based violence sector. Papers can focus on any historical period or location, and we particularly welcome papers exploring histories of sexual violence beyond Europe and the Global North. Papers may focus on methodology, ethics, or research findings, but should emphasise how their approach or argument develops current understandings of sexual violence in new ways
Alongside the presentation of papers, the conference will also bring together academics, activists, and practitioners in workshops which facilitate knowledge exchange between sectors and across disciplines. We welcome submissions for academic papers, workshops, or other, innovative approaches and formats of presenting ideas and sharing knowledge.
Possible topics include, but are not limited to:
– Intersectional identities and histories of sexual violence
– Representations of ‘victims,’ ‘survivors’ or ‘perpetrators’
– Positionality and power dynamics in the research process
– Oral histories and other participatory methodologies
– Working with activists, NGOs, and local communities
– Public engagement and public histories of sexual violence
– Methodological challenges and ethical complexities
– Archival encounters
– Emotions and language
– Voices, silences, and erasure
– Storytelling, memoir, and personal testimonies
– Critiques of legal or medical histories of gender-based violence
– Histories of activism against sexual or gender-based violence
The conference will also form the basis of an edited collection exploring the methodological challenges, ethical dilemmas, and opportunities inherent in researching the histories of sexual violence. Participants will have the option of proposing their papers for inclusion in this publication. We will ask for full papers to be submitted for peer review shortly after the conference.
This conference is jointly funded by UKRI and the Wellcome Trust, and hosted by the South Africa’s Hidden War project at the University of Exeter and the Sexual Encounters and Medical Harms (SHaME) project at Birkbeck, University of London.
Please see the attached CFP for details. Those interested should submit abstracts of no more than 300 words, including the names and affiliations of presenters, an outline of the proposed presentation (300 words max), and whether you will need funding for travel and accommodation. Please send to email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org by 13 June 2022.
Researching and Writing Histories of Sexual Violence: Methodological Challenges and Ethical Complexities
27th October 2021
Research into sexual violence…is not lightly undertaken…The project is necessarily and unavoidably political. An attempt at dispassionate, discrete authorship runs the risk of becoming voyeuristic and exploitative. Research on sexual violence should be empowering, for those involved in its writing(s) and reading(s). It therefore demands methodologies devised as if to be similarly empowering to the women and children disclosed in the written sources. (Shani D’Cruze, ‘Approaching the History of Rape and Sexual Violence: Notes Towards Research,’ Women’s History Review 1:3 (1992): 377.)
These words, written almost thirty years ago by Shani D’Cruze (who sadly passed away earlier this year), remain an important provocation for historians of sexual and gender-based violence. D’Cruze was a leading figure amongst a generation of historians who, inspired by the women’s liberation movement of the 1970s, turned their attention to histories of rape and sexual violence in the 1980s and 1990s. These feminist scholars demonstrated how the meanings and experiences of rape are historically and culturally specific, and how understandings of what constitutes harmful sex change across time and place. In the wake of the #MeToo movement, and in response to renewed public attention to sexual violence and the failures of judicial systems to adequality address rape, historians are again turning their focus to how sexual violence has been conceptualised, experienced, and responded to in the past. Moving beyond the previous historiography’s reliance on court documents, historians today are increasingly utilising interdisciplinary methods, drawing on work in medicine and psychology, anthropology and the social sciences, art and literature, and looking for sources beyond the traditional archive through oral histories and participatory methodologies.
Such approaches to studying the history of sexual violence come with particular methodological challenges and ethical complexities. This workshop recognises that these concerns and complications are foundational to the research that we do and need to be explicitly interrogated in our research, analysis, and writing. Jointly organised by the South Africa’s Hidden War project at the University of Exeter and the Sexual Encounters and Medical Harms (SHaME) project at Birkbeck, University of London, the workshop is aimed at scholars from any discipline working on histories of sexual violence across any time period or location. We hope to include a broad geographical and cultural range of perspectives, and particularly encourage papers exploring histories of sexual violence beyond Europe and the global North.
We invite proposals for 15-20 minute papers on topics and questions including but not limited to:
- What is and is not knowable from the archive? How can we approach archival material in new and creative ways to hear marginalised voices?
- What are the benefits and challenges of working with participants for this type of research?
- What particular methodological challenges do historians of sexual violence face, and how can we overcome these challenges?
- What does it mean to do ethical research on histories of sexual violence?
- How can we incorporate and address ethical concerns into our research, analysis and writing?
- Do all historians of sexual violence, even those not working with living participants, have ethical responsibilities to their subjects? What are the ethical concerns regarding using archival material on sexual violence?
Positionality and Power Dynamics
- How do our own identities, politics, or backgrounds shape the research we do? What does it mean to bring an intersectional perspective to our historical research on sexual violence?
- What are the opportunities and challenges of doing research on sexual violence as either ‘insiders’ or ‘outsiders’ to the communities we study?
- How do we ensure our research is not exploitative or extractive?
- How should researchers contend with the legacies of racism and colonialism when conducting research on the global South?
Dissemination and Impact
- What are the challenges around disseminating research on sexual violence, either through traditional academic channels or public engagement? How can historians of sexual violence best practice engaged or impact-facing research?
The workshop will be held online on 27 October 2021.
Proposals, consisting of a 300-word abstract and brief bio should be sent to Emily Bridger (email@example.com) and Ruth Beecher (firstname.lastname@example.org) by 2nd August 2021.
Work-in-progress seminar series: New Histories of Gender, Sex and Violence in Southern Africa
This seminar series gathers researchers across a range of disciplines and career stages currently working on the themes of gender, sex and sexuality, and violence in Southern Africa. It is a space where scholars can present new research ideas or works-in-progress and seek feedback, ask questions, and share resources. The group meets every four weeks via Zoom, beginning in March 2021. If you are interested in attending or presenting at one of our seminars, please email Emily Bridger (email@example.com).
|Thursday, 25th March 2021||13:00-14:30 (CAT, GMT+2)||Noam Lubinsky||‘Tracing the life of synthetic testosterone in South Africa (1993 – 2003)’|
|Thursday, 22nd April 2021||12:30-14:00 (CAT, BST+1)||Nechama Brodie||‘We all know who are the witches here’:|
Looking at the role of gender in political violence / politics in gender-based violence, through four decades of witch killings in South Africa
|Thursday, 20th May 2021||13:00-14:30 (CAT, BST+1)||Zuziwe Khuzwayo||‘Bisexuality in South Africa: Experiences of Women Living in Johannesburg’|
|Thursday, 17th June 2021||16:00-17:30 (CAT, BST+1)||Memory Mphaphuli||‘Confronting the unspoken in black women’s sexuality in contemporary South Africa’|